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Case Study on “Successfully introduced with Solid Waste Disposal System in Mirhajirbagh area Community Based Organization” by Population Services and Training Center (PSTC)

Mollah para is one of the slums of Mirhajirbagh CBO-1. A total of 400 Households live in the slum and about 30 shops are available by the road side. The road to enter in the para/slum was always full of scattered wastes for a long time. People using the road were not bothered about this situation. There was no specific place for waste disposal so the slum people and the shop owners kept the wastes by the road side in a scattered manner. People walked by the dirt covering their nose with their hand. Adults and children both suffered from Diarrheal diseases and skin diseases.

PSTC and CBO tried to overcome this situation by discussing with Ward Councilor and took the initiative but were not fully successful. Then the CBO decided on overcoming the situation themselves. They collected 1 Van, 2 trolleys from PSTC through written application and formed a Waste Management Committee. There would be one Caretaker who would clean the road, collect the waste from the 600 HHs of Mollah para and Kamaler bari, shops by side of the road and dispose the waste in the City Corporation Dustbin near Dayaganj. After this initiative nobody anymore kept the waste in the roadside. CBO was able to aware the Slum people and Shop owner to continue disposing their waste in the pot/bag and giving in the van regularly. In exchange of the effort by the CBO and the waste management committee every households and the shop owners paid the caretaker 20 Taka per month.

Now the road remains clean, and there is no more of bad smell and people walking by covering their nose. Overall Slum scenario by the road has been changed. Children’s suffering also decreased. CBO, slum people was very glad to see the change. They feel that if there is a will, there is a way.
Abu Bakkar Siddique said, “I have a small medicine shop by the road side, I suffered a lot for the bad smell. I sold maximum medicines for diseases like skin disease, and Diarrhea. But now the road is clean, no more bad smell and sale of medicine of aforesaid diseases has been decreased. The environment of the area has been changed.”

Learning and recommendations for Enhancing Environmental Health by Community Organizations (EEHCO) Project in Dhaka City

Learning’s

  • Improving the school WatSan facilities created the opportunity for student.
  • CBO can take the leadership role to coordinate among the development partners in the community through involving others stakeholders to develop plan for sustainable development.
  • No alternative to running water for Proper O&M of Sanitation option
  • CBO can take the leadership role to implement WaSH activities in the slum with joint collaboration of their community group.
  • People should be more proactive to claim WaSH rights and conduct advocacy to get WatSan facilities from different service provider.
  • Back dated Hygiene awareness system need to change. Community people expect attractive and community friendly activity.
  • Need GIS (Geographical Information System) monitoring system for the hardware and software monitoring

Recommendations

  • Special effort should be given to enhance the capacity building of Citizen Action Committee (CAC) taking the lead role in a rights based approach to work with different service provider to address the major issues of slum dwellers.
  • Advocacy activities should be taking initiative to ensure the WASA Approval process be made easier especially considering the demand note preparation by DWASA in the slum.
  • The City Citizen Action Committee (CAC) should be more involved in updating the WASA billing at community level
  • A System should be developed for better coordination with Citizen Action Committee (CAC) & DWASA LIC department.

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